PARCS: A safety net community-based fitness center for low-income adults

Ni Cole Keith, Deming Mi, Kisha Alexander, Stephanie Kaiser, Mary de Groot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA) and fitness are critical to maintaining health and avoiding chronic disease. Limited access to fitness facilities in low-income urban areas has been identified as a contributor to low PA participation and poor fitness. Objectives: This research describes community-based fitness centers established for adults living in low-income, urban communities and characterizes a sample of its members. Methods: The community identified a need for physical fitness opportunities to improve residents’ health. Three community high schools were host sites. Resources were combined to renovate and staff facilities, acquire equipment, and refer patients to exercise. The study sample included 170 members older than age 18 who completed demographic, exercise self-efficacy, and quality of life surveys and a fitness evaluation. Neighborhood-level U.S. Census data were obtained for comparison. Results: The community-based fitness centers resulted from university, public school, and hospital partnerships offering safe, accessible, and affordable exercise opportunities. The study sample mean body mass index was 35 + 7.6 kg/m2 (class II obesity), mean age was 50 ± 12.5 years, 66% were Black, 72% were female, 66% completed some college or greater, and 71% had an annual household income of less than $25,000 and supported 2.2 dependents. Participants had moderate confidence for exercise participation and low fitness levels. When compared with census data, participants were representative of their communities. Conclusion: This observational study reveals a need for affordable fitness centers for low-income adults. We demonstrate a model where communities and organizations strategically leverage resources to address disparities in physical fitness and health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-195
Number of pages11
JournalProgress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Volume10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

Fingerprint

Fitness Centers
fitness
low income
Safety
Exercise
community
Physical Fitness
Censuses
Health
census
health
Public Hospitals
Self Efficacy
participation
Observational Studies
household income
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Obesity
resources

Keywords

  • Age
  • Community health partnerships
  • Community health research
  • Community-based participatory research
  • Delivery of health care
  • Disadvantaged
  • Exercise
  • Exercise
  • Fitness centers
  • Gender
  • Health disparities
  • Health outcomes
  • Health priorities
  • Health promotion
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

PARCS : A safety net community-based fitness center for low-income adults. / Keith, Ni Cole; Mi, Deming; Alexander, Kisha; Kaiser, Stephanie; de Groot, Mary.

In: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, Vol. 10, No. 2, 01.06.2016, p. 185-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keith, Ni Cole ; Mi, Deming ; Alexander, Kisha ; Kaiser, Stephanie ; de Groot, Mary. / PARCS : A safety net community-based fitness center for low-income adults. In: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action. 2016 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 185-195.
@article{3636d9b2963641c3beaca770d175689a,
title = "PARCS: A safety net community-based fitness center for low-income adults",
abstract = "Background: Physical activity (PA) and fitness are critical to maintaining health and avoiding chronic disease. Limited access to fitness facilities in low-income urban areas has been identified as a contributor to low PA participation and poor fitness. Objectives: This research describes community-based fitness centers established for adults living in low-income, urban communities and characterizes a sample of its members. Methods: The community identified a need for physical fitness opportunities to improve residents’ health. Three community high schools were host sites. Resources were combined to renovate and staff facilities, acquire equipment, and refer patients to exercise. The study sample included 170 members older than age 18 who completed demographic, exercise self-efficacy, and quality of life surveys and a fitness evaluation. Neighborhood-level U.S. Census data were obtained for comparison. Results: The community-based fitness centers resulted from university, public school, and hospital partnerships offering safe, accessible, and affordable exercise opportunities. The study sample mean body mass index was 35 + 7.6 kg/m2 (class II obesity), mean age was 50 ± 12.5 years, 66{\%} were Black, 72{\%} were female, 66{\%} completed some college or greater, and 71{\%} had an annual household income of less than $25,000 and supported 2.2 dependents. Participants had moderate confidence for exercise participation and low fitness levels. When compared with census data, participants were representative of their communities. Conclusion: This observational study reveals a need for affordable fitness centers for low-income adults. We demonstrate a model where communities and organizations strategically leverage resources to address disparities in physical fitness and health.",
keywords = "Age, Community health partnerships, Community health research, Community-based participatory research, Delivery of health care, Disadvantaged, Exercise, Exercise, Fitness centers, Gender, Health disparities, Health outcomes, Health priorities, Health promotion, Race",
author = "Keith, {Ni Cole} and Deming Mi and Kisha Alexander and Stephanie Kaiser and {de Groot}, Mary",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "185--195",
journal = "Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action",
issn = "1557-0541",
publisher = "Johns Hopkins University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - PARCS

T2 - A safety net community-based fitness center for low-income adults

AU - Keith, Ni Cole

AU - Mi, Deming

AU - Alexander, Kisha

AU - Kaiser, Stephanie

AU - de Groot, Mary

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Background: Physical activity (PA) and fitness are critical to maintaining health and avoiding chronic disease. Limited access to fitness facilities in low-income urban areas has been identified as a contributor to low PA participation and poor fitness. Objectives: This research describes community-based fitness centers established for adults living in low-income, urban communities and characterizes a sample of its members. Methods: The community identified a need for physical fitness opportunities to improve residents’ health. Three community high schools were host sites. Resources were combined to renovate and staff facilities, acquire equipment, and refer patients to exercise. The study sample included 170 members older than age 18 who completed demographic, exercise self-efficacy, and quality of life surveys and a fitness evaluation. Neighborhood-level U.S. Census data were obtained for comparison. Results: The community-based fitness centers resulted from university, public school, and hospital partnerships offering safe, accessible, and affordable exercise opportunities. The study sample mean body mass index was 35 + 7.6 kg/m2 (class II obesity), mean age was 50 ± 12.5 years, 66% were Black, 72% were female, 66% completed some college or greater, and 71% had an annual household income of less than $25,000 and supported 2.2 dependents. Participants had moderate confidence for exercise participation and low fitness levels. When compared with census data, participants were representative of their communities. Conclusion: This observational study reveals a need for affordable fitness centers for low-income adults. We demonstrate a model where communities and organizations strategically leverage resources to address disparities in physical fitness and health.

AB - Background: Physical activity (PA) and fitness are critical to maintaining health and avoiding chronic disease. Limited access to fitness facilities in low-income urban areas has been identified as a contributor to low PA participation and poor fitness. Objectives: This research describes community-based fitness centers established for adults living in low-income, urban communities and characterizes a sample of its members. Methods: The community identified a need for physical fitness opportunities to improve residents’ health. Three community high schools were host sites. Resources were combined to renovate and staff facilities, acquire equipment, and refer patients to exercise. The study sample included 170 members older than age 18 who completed demographic, exercise self-efficacy, and quality of life surveys and a fitness evaluation. Neighborhood-level U.S. Census data were obtained for comparison. Results: The community-based fitness centers resulted from university, public school, and hospital partnerships offering safe, accessible, and affordable exercise opportunities. The study sample mean body mass index was 35 + 7.6 kg/m2 (class II obesity), mean age was 50 ± 12.5 years, 66% were Black, 72% were female, 66% completed some college or greater, and 71% had an annual household income of less than $25,000 and supported 2.2 dependents. Participants had moderate confidence for exercise participation and low fitness levels. When compared with census data, participants were representative of their communities. Conclusion: This observational study reveals a need for affordable fitness centers for low-income adults. We demonstrate a model where communities and organizations strategically leverage resources to address disparities in physical fitness and health.

KW - Age

KW - Community health partnerships

KW - Community health research

KW - Community-based participatory research

KW - Delivery of health care

KW - Disadvantaged

KW - Exercise

KW - Exercise

KW - Fitness centers

KW - Gender

KW - Health disparities

KW - Health outcomes

KW - Health priorities

KW - Health promotion

KW - Race

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84975709493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84975709493&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 27346764

AN - SCOPUS:84975709493

VL - 10

SP - 185

EP - 195

JO - Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action

JF - Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action

SN - 1557-0541

IS - 2

ER -