Patient-derived C-terminal mutation of FANCI causes protein mislocalization and reveals putative EDGE motif function in DNA repair

Luca Colnaghi, Mathew J.K. Jones, Xiomaris M. Cotto-Rios, Detlev Schindler, Helmut Hanenberg, Tony T. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare familial genome instability syndrome caused by mutations in FA genes that results in defective DNAcrosslink repair. Activation of the FA pathway requires the FA core ubiquitin ligase complex-dependent monoubiquitination of 2 interacting FA proteins, FANCI and FANCD2. Although loss of either FANCI or FANCD2 is known to prevent monoubiquitination of its respective partner, it is unclear whether FANCI has any additional domains that may be important in promoting DNA repair, independent of its monoubiquitination. Here, we focus on an FA-I patient-derived FANCI mutant protein, R1299X (deletion of 30 residues from its C-terminus), to characterize important structural region(s) in FANCI that is required to activate the FA pathway. We show that, within this short 30 amino acid stretch contains 2 separable functional signatures, a nuclear localization signal and a putative EDGE motif, that is critical for the ability of FANCI to properly monoubiquitinate FANCD2 and promote DNA crosslink resistance. Our study enable us to conclude that, although proper nuclear localization of FANCI is crucial for robust FANCD2 monoubiquitination, the putative FANCI EDGE motif is important for DNA crosslink repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2247-2256
Number of pages10
JournalBlood
Volume117
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 17 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

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    Colnaghi, L., Jones, M. J. K., Cotto-Rios, X. M., Schindler, D., Hanenberg, H., & Huang, T. T. (2011). Patient-derived C-terminal mutation of FANCI causes protein mislocalization and reveals putative EDGE motif function in DNA repair. Blood, 117(7), 2247-2256. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2010-07-295758