Pediatric Neurotology

R. Christopher Miyamoto, Richard Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pediatric neurotology is a subspecialty encompassing the medical and surgical treatment of conditions involving the middle ear, inner ear and lateral skull base. Multiple otologic and neurotologic diseases exist. In the pediatric patient the most common neurotologic conditions are vertigo, complications of otitis media, cholesteatoma, hearing loss and facial paralysis. Vertigo is differentiated into peripheral and central vestibular abnormalities. Peripheral vestibular causes include Meniere's disease, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuronitis, otitis media and labyrinthitis. The predominant lesions in our field causing central vestibular disorders are brainstem and posterior fossa tumors. Mastoiditis, meningitis, petrositis, sigmoid sinus thrombosis, extradural abscess, brain abscess, otitic hydrocephalus, cholesteatoma and cholesterol granuloma are complications of otitis media and middle ear disease. Sensorineural hearing loss is now readily treated with cochlear implantation. Facial nerve paralysis may result from infectious and other etiologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-303
Number of pages6
JournalSeminars in Pediatric Neurology
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

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Neurotology
Otitis Media
Ear Diseases
Cholesteatoma
Facial Paralysis
Vertigo
Middle Ear
Pediatrics
Petrositis
Labyrinthitis
Vestibular Neuronitis
Mastoiditis
Infratentorial Neoplasms
Epidural Abscess
Intracranial Sinus Thrombosis
Cochlear Implantation
Meniere Disease
Brain Abscess
Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Skull Base

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Pediatric Neurotology. / Miyamoto, R. Christopher; Miyamoto, Richard.

In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, Vol. 10, No. 4, 12.2003, p. 298-303.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miyamoto, R. Christopher ; Miyamoto, Richard. / Pediatric Neurotology. In: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 2003 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 298-303.
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