Pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: A study of assessment tools

Jay A. Salpekar, Sigita Plioplys, Prabha Siddarth, Brenda Bursch, Richard J. Shaw, Miya R. Asato, W. Curt LaFrance, Deborah M. Weisbrot, David W. Dunn, Joan K. Austin, Donald M. Olson, Rochelle Caplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of this study was to identify assessment tools and associated behavioral domains that differentiate children with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) from those with epilepsy. A sample of 24 children with PNES (mean age 14.0 years, 14 female), 24 children with epilepsy (mean age 13.6 years, 13 female), and their parents were recruited from five epilepsy centers in the United States. Participants completed a battery of behavioral questionnaires including somatization, anxiety, and functional disability symptoms. Children with PNES had significantly higher scores on the Childhood Somatization and Functional Disability Inventories, and their parents reported more somatic problems on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Depression, anxiety, and alexithymia instruments did not differentiate the groups. Measures of somatization and functional disability may be promising tools for differentiating the behavioral profile of PNES from that of epilepsy. Increased somatic awareness and perceived disability emphasize the similarity of PNES to other pediatric somatoform disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

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Seizures
Pediatrics
Epilepsy
Anxiety
Parents
Somatoform Disorders
Affective Symptoms
Child Behavior
Checklist
Depression
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Comorbidities
  • Diagnosis
  • Epilepsy
  • Nonepileptic seizures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neurology

Cite this

Salpekar, J. A., Plioplys, S., Siddarth, P., Bursch, B., Shaw, R. J., Asato, M. R., ... Caplan, R. (2010). Pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: A study of assessment tools. Epilepsy and Behavior, 17(1), 50-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.10.002

Pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures : A study of assessment tools. / Salpekar, Jay A.; Plioplys, Sigita; Siddarth, Prabha; Bursch, Brenda; Shaw, Richard J.; Asato, Miya R.; LaFrance, W. Curt; Weisbrot, Deborah M.; Dunn, David W.; Austin, Joan K.; Olson, Donald M.; Caplan, Rochelle.

In: Epilepsy and Behavior, Vol. 17, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 50-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salpekar, JA, Plioplys, S, Siddarth, P, Bursch, B, Shaw, RJ, Asato, MR, LaFrance, WC, Weisbrot, DM, Dunn, DW, Austin, JK, Olson, DM & Caplan, R 2010, 'Pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: A study of assessment tools', Epilepsy and Behavior, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 50-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.10.002
Salpekar JA, Plioplys S, Siddarth P, Bursch B, Shaw RJ, Asato MR et al. Pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: A study of assessment tools. Epilepsy and Behavior. 2010 Jan 1;17(1):50-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2009.10.002
Salpekar, Jay A. ; Plioplys, Sigita ; Siddarth, Prabha ; Bursch, Brenda ; Shaw, Richard J. ; Asato, Miya R. ; LaFrance, W. Curt ; Weisbrot, Deborah M. ; Dunn, David W. ; Austin, Joan K. ; Olson, Donald M. ; Caplan, Rochelle. / Pediatric psychogenic nonepileptic seizures : A study of assessment tools. In: Epilepsy and Behavior. 2010 ; Vol. 17, No. 1. pp. 50-55.
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