Purpose: We sought to establish which human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine communication approaches by pediatricians were associated with same-day HPV vaccination of 11- to 12-year-olds by evaluating audio recordings of visits. Methods: Verilogue, a market research company maintaining a panel of primary care pediatricians, provided audio recordings and transcriptions of well-child visits for 11- to 12-year-old patients from January through June 2013. Seventy-five transcripts from 19 pediatricians were coded for use of presumptive language (i.e., words conveying assumption of vaccine delivery), offer of delay, recommendation strength, and information provision. Using logistic regression, we evaluated the association between pediatrician communication approaches and agreement to same-day HPV vaccination. Generalized estimating equations accounted for clustering of patients within pediatricians. Results: Same-day agreement to HPV vaccination occurred in 29% of encounters. Pediatricians in the sample often provided parents with inconsistent, mixed messages and sometimes offered information about HPV or HPV vaccination that was inaccurate. Pediatricians used presumptive language in only 11 of 75 encounters; when used, presumptive language was associated with higher odds of accepting HPV vaccine (73% vs. 22%; odds ratio = 8.96; 95% confidence interval = 2.32-34.70). Pediatricians offered or recommended delay in most encounters (65%). HPV vaccine acceptance occurred far more often when pediatricians did not mention delaying vaccination (82% vs. 6%; odds ratio = 80.84; 95% confidence interval = 15.72-415.67). Same-day vaccination was not associated with strength of recommendation or pediatrician reference to vaccinating their own children. Conclusions: Our findings highlight the need to develop and evaluate physician-focused trainings on using presumptive language for same-day HPV vaccination.
- Cancer prevention
- Health communication
- HPV vaccination
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Psychiatry and Mental health