Perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes in speech and nonspeech signals

David Pisoni, T. D. Carrell, S. J. Gans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For a number of years, investigators have studied the effects one acoustic segment has on the perception of other acoustic segments. In one recent study, Miller and Liberman (Perception & Psychophysics, 1979, 25, 457-465) reported that overall syllable duration influences the location of the labeling boundary between the stop [bl and the semivowel [w]. They interpreted this "context effect" as reflecting a form of perceptual normalization whereby the listener readjusts his perceptual apparatus to take account of the differences in rate of articulation of the talker. In the present paper, we report the results of several comparisons between speech and nonspeech control signals. We observed comparable context effects for perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes as a function of overall duration of the stimulus with both speech and nonspeech signals. The results with nonspeech control signals therefore call into question the earlier claims of Miller and Liberman by demonstrating clearly that context effects are not peculiar to the perception of speech signals or to normalization of speaking rate. Rather, such context effects may simply reflect general psychophysical principles that influence the perceptual categorization and discrimination of all acoustic signals, whether speech or nonspeech.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-322
Number of pages9
JournalPerception & Psychophysics
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1983

Fingerprint

Acoustics
acoustics
Psychophysics
normalization
Speech Perception
psychophysics
Research Personnel
listener
speaking
stimulus
discrimination
Context Effects
Normalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes in speech and nonspeech signals. / Pisoni, David; Carrell, T. D.; Gans, S. J.

In: Perception & Psychophysics, Vol. 34, No. 4, 07.1983, p. 314-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{857ab0ffdf984f58bc6bcc643f6930a0,
title = "Perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes in speech and nonspeech signals",
abstract = "For a number of years, investigators have studied the effects one acoustic segment has on the perception of other acoustic segments. In one recent study, Miller and Liberman (Perception & Psychophysics, 1979, 25, 457-465) reported that overall syllable duration influences the location of the labeling boundary between the stop [bl and the semivowel [w]. They interpreted this {"}context effect{"} as reflecting a form of perceptual normalization whereby the listener readjusts his perceptual apparatus to take account of the differences in rate of articulation of the talker. In the present paper, we report the results of several comparisons between speech and nonspeech control signals. We observed comparable context effects for perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes as a function of overall duration of the stimulus with both speech and nonspeech signals. The results with nonspeech control signals therefore call into question the earlier claims of Miller and Liberman by demonstrating clearly that context effects are not peculiar to the perception of speech signals or to normalization of speaking rate. Rather, such context effects may simply reflect general psychophysical principles that influence the perceptual categorization and discrimination of all acoustic signals, whether speech or nonspeech.",
author = "David Pisoni and Carrell, {T. D.} and Gans, {S. J.}",
year = "1983",
month = "7",
doi = "10.3758/BF03203043",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "314--322",
journal = "Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics",
issn = "1943-3921",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes in speech and nonspeech signals

AU - Pisoni, David

AU - Carrell, T. D.

AU - Gans, S. J.

PY - 1983/7

Y1 - 1983/7

N2 - For a number of years, investigators have studied the effects one acoustic segment has on the perception of other acoustic segments. In one recent study, Miller and Liberman (Perception & Psychophysics, 1979, 25, 457-465) reported that overall syllable duration influences the location of the labeling boundary between the stop [bl and the semivowel [w]. They interpreted this "context effect" as reflecting a form of perceptual normalization whereby the listener readjusts his perceptual apparatus to take account of the differences in rate of articulation of the talker. In the present paper, we report the results of several comparisons between speech and nonspeech control signals. We observed comparable context effects for perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes as a function of overall duration of the stimulus with both speech and nonspeech signals. The results with nonspeech control signals therefore call into question the earlier claims of Miller and Liberman by demonstrating clearly that context effects are not peculiar to the perception of speech signals or to normalization of speaking rate. Rather, such context effects may simply reflect general psychophysical principles that influence the perceptual categorization and discrimination of all acoustic signals, whether speech or nonspeech.

AB - For a number of years, investigators have studied the effects one acoustic segment has on the perception of other acoustic segments. In one recent study, Miller and Liberman (Perception & Psychophysics, 1979, 25, 457-465) reported that overall syllable duration influences the location of the labeling boundary between the stop [bl and the semivowel [w]. They interpreted this "context effect" as reflecting a form of perceptual normalization whereby the listener readjusts his perceptual apparatus to take account of the differences in rate of articulation of the talker. In the present paper, we report the results of several comparisons between speech and nonspeech control signals. We observed comparable context effects for perception of the duration of rapid spectrum changes as a function of overall duration of the stimulus with both speech and nonspeech signals. The results with nonspeech control signals therefore call into question the earlier claims of Miller and Liberman by demonstrating clearly that context effects are not peculiar to the perception of speech signals or to normalization of speaking rate. Rather, such context effects may simply reflect general psychophysical principles that influence the perceptual categorization and discrimination of all acoustic signals, whether speech or nonspeech.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0020836122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0020836122&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3758/BF03203043

DO - 10.3758/BF03203043

M3 - Article

C2 - 6657432

AN - SCOPUS:0020836122

VL - 34

SP - 314

EP - 322

JO - Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics

JF - Attention, Perception, and Psychophysics

SN - 1943-3921

IS - 4

ER -