Perfluorooctanoic acid exposure triggers oxidative stress in the mouse pancreas

Lisa M. Kamendulis, Qiangen Wu, George E. Sandusky, Barbara A. Hocevar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is used in the manufacture of many industrial and commercial products. PFOA does not readily decompose in the environment, and is biologically persistent. Human epidemiologic and animal studies suggest that PFOA exposure elicits adverse effects on the pancreas. While multiple animal studies have examined PFOA-mediated toxicity in the liver, little is known about the potential adverse effects of PFOA on the pancreas. To address this, we treated C57Bl/6 mice with vehicle, or PFOA at doses of 0.5, 2.5 or 5.0mg/kgBW/day for 7 days. Significant accumulation of PFOA was found in the serum, liver and pancreas of PFOA-treated animals. Histopathologic examination of the pancreas revealed focal ductal hyperplasia in mice treated with 2.5 and 5.0mg/kgBW/day PFOA, while inflammation was observed only in the high dose group. Elevated serum levels of amylase and lipase were observed in the 2.5mg/kgBW/day PFOA treatment group. In addition, PFOA exposure resulted in a dose-dependent increase in the level of the lipid peroxidation product 8-iso-PGF and induction of the antioxidant response genes Sod1, Sod2, Gpx2 and Nqo1. Our findings provide additional evidence that the pancreas is a target organ for PFOA-mediated toxicity and suggest that oxidative stress may be a mechanism through which PFOA induces histopathological changes in the pancreas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-521
Number of pages9
JournalToxicology Reports
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014

Keywords

  • Lipid peroxidation
  • Oxidative stress
  • Pancreas
  • PFOA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Toxicology

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