Periodontal health: A national cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitudes and practices for the public oral health strategy in China

Qian Zhao, Shi Bin Wang, Guodong Xu, Yiqing Song, Xiaozhe Han, Zhiqiang Liu, Xuan Zhou, Tianyi Zhang, Kewu Huang, Ting Yang, Yingxiang Lin, Sinan Wu, Zuomin Wang, Chen Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: To assess the status of periodontal health knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) among Chinese adults. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a nationally representative sample of adults (N = 50,991) aged 20 years or older from ten provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities. Percentages of Chinese adults with correct periodontal knowledge, positive periodontal attitudes, and practices were estimated. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine the related factors. Results: Less than 20% of Chinese adults were knowledgeable about periodontal disease. Very few (2.6%) of Chinese adults use dental floss ≥once a day and undergo scaling ≥once a year and visit a dentist (6.4%) in the case of gingival bleeding. Periodontal health KAP was associated with gender, age, body mass index, marital status, place of residence, education level, income, smoking status, and history of periodontal disease. Conclusions: Periodontal health KAP are generally poor among the Chinese adult population. Community-based health strategies to improve periodontal health KAP need to be implemented. Increasing knowledge of periodontal disease, the cultivation of correct practices in response to gingival bleeding, and the development of good habits concerning the use of dental floss and regular scaling should be public oral health priorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-419
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Chinese
  • Periodontal health
  • attitude
  • knowledge
  • practice
  • prevention
  • risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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    Zhao, Q., Wang, S. B., Xu, G., Song, Y., Han, X., Liu, Z., Zhou, X., Zhang, T., Huang, K., Yang, T., Lin, Y., Wu, S., Wang, Z., & Wang, C. (2019). Periodontal health: A national cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitudes and practices for the public oral health strategy in China. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 46(4), 406-419. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13082