Periostin regulates goblet cell metaplasia in a model of allergic airway inflammation

Sarita Sehra, Weiguo Yao, Evelyn T. Nguyen, Ayele Nati N Ahyi, Florencia M Barbé Tuana, Shawn K. Ahlfeld, Paige Snider, Robert Tepper, Irina Petrache, Simon Conway, Mark Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Periostin is a 90-kDa member of the fasciclin-containing family and functions as part of the extracellular matrix. Periostin is expressed in a variety of tissues and expression is increased in airway epithelial cells from asthmatic patients. Recent studies have implicated a role for periostin in allergic eosinophilic esophagitis. To further define a role for periostin in Th2-mediated inflammatory diseases such as asthma, we studied the development of allergic pulmonary inflammation in periostin-deficient mice. Sensitization and challenge of periostin-deficient mice with OVA resulted in increased peripheral Th2 responses compared with control mice. In the lungs, periostin deficiency resulted in increased airway resistance and significantly enhanced mucus production by goblet cells concomitant with increased expression of Gob5 and Muc5ac compared with wild type littermates. Periostin also inhibited the expression of Gob5, a putative calcium-activated chloride channel involved in the regulation of mucus production, in primary murine airway epithelial cells. Our studies suggest that periostin may be part of a negative-feedback loop regulating allergic inflammation that could be therapeutic in the treatment of atopic disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4959-4966
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume186
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2011

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Goblet Cells
Metaplasia
Mucus
Inflammation
Epithelial Cells
Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Chloride Channels
Airway Resistance
Extracellular Matrix
Pneumonia
Asthma
Lung
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Sehra, S., Yao, W., Nguyen, E. T., Ahyi, A. N. N., Tuana, F. M. B., Ahlfeld, S. K., ... Kaplan, M. (2011). Periostin regulates goblet cell metaplasia in a model of allergic airway inflammation. Journal of Immunology, 186(8), 4959-4966. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1002359

Periostin regulates goblet cell metaplasia in a model of allergic airway inflammation. / Sehra, Sarita; Yao, Weiguo; Nguyen, Evelyn T.; Ahyi, Ayele Nati N; Tuana, Florencia M Barbé; Ahlfeld, Shawn K.; Snider, Paige; Tepper, Robert; Petrache, Irina; Conway, Simon; Kaplan, Mark.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 186, No. 8, 15.04.2011, p. 4959-4966.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sehra S, Yao W, Nguyen ET, Ahyi ANN, Tuana FMB, Ahlfeld SK et al. Periostin regulates goblet cell metaplasia in a model of allergic airway inflammation. Journal of Immunology. 2011 Apr 15;186(8):4959-4966. https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1002359
Sehra, Sarita ; Yao, Weiguo ; Nguyen, Evelyn T. ; Ahyi, Ayele Nati N ; Tuana, Florencia M Barbé ; Ahlfeld, Shawn K. ; Snider, Paige ; Tepper, Robert ; Petrache, Irina ; Conway, Simon ; Kaplan, Mark. / Periostin regulates goblet cell metaplasia in a model of allergic airway inflammation. In: Journal of Immunology. 2011 ; Vol. 186, No. 8. pp. 4959-4966.
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