Personality and functional outcome following traumatic brain injury

Beth K. Rush, James F. Malec, Allen W. Brown, Anne M. Moessner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate pre- to postinjury personality change in relation to outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective analysis of personality ratings, depression, and outcome using multiple regression analyses. Participants: Cohort of 3 clinical trauma groups (mild TBI, moderate-severe TBI, orthopedic injury) and their significant others (SO). Outcome Measures: Independent Living Scale, Vocational Independence Scale, and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory, 1-2 years postinjury. Predictor Variables: Posttraumatic amnesia (PTA); patient and SO NEO Personality Inventory-Revised ratings of preinjury personality taken at 1-2 months postinjury. Results: Personality function was normal for all groups (regardless of rating source) and stable over time. Neuroticism, and specifically depression, accounted for small proportions of variance in functional outcome, beyond PTA. Conclusions: There is little empirical evidence for significant personality disturbance or change up to 2 years post-TBI. Personality and depression contribute modestly to functional outcomes. Results support a distinction between "personality change" and behavior change following TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-264
Number of pages8
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Personality
Amnesia
Depression
Brain Concussion
Independent Living
Personality Inventory
Wounds and Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Orthopedics
Regression Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Outcome
  • Personality
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Personality and functional outcome following traumatic brain injury. / Rush, Beth K.; Malec, James F.; Brown, Allen W.; Moessner, Anne M.

In: Rehabilitation Psychology, Vol. 51, No. 3, 08.2006, p. 257-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rush, Beth K. ; Malec, James F. ; Brown, Allen W. ; Moessner, Anne M. / Personality and functional outcome following traumatic brain injury. In: Rehabilitation Psychology. 2006 ; Vol. 51, No. 3. pp. 257-264.
@article{b2cac35b33974608bb2679adea922d93,
title = "Personality and functional outcome following traumatic brain injury",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate pre- to postinjury personality change in relation to outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective analysis of personality ratings, depression, and outcome using multiple regression analyses. Participants: Cohort of 3 clinical trauma groups (mild TBI, moderate-severe TBI, orthopedic injury) and their significant others (SO). Outcome Measures: Independent Living Scale, Vocational Independence Scale, and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory, 1-2 years postinjury. Predictor Variables: Posttraumatic amnesia (PTA); patient and SO NEO Personality Inventory-Revised ratings of preinjury personality taken at 1-2 months postinjury. Results: Personality function was normal for all groups (regardless of rating source) and stable over time. Neuroticism, and specifically depression, accounted for small proportions of variance in functional outcome, beyond PTA. Conclusions: There is little empirical evidence for significant personality disturbance or change up to 2 years post-TBI. Personality and depression contribute modestly to functional outcomes. Results support a distinction between {"}personality change{"} and behavior change following TBI.",
keywords = "Outcome, Personality, Traumatic brain injury",
author = "Rush, {Beth K.} and Malec, {James F.} and Brown, {Allen W.} and Moessner, {Anne M.}",
year = "2006",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1037/0090-5550.51.3.257",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "51",
pages = "257--264",
journal = "Rehabilitation Psychology",
issn = "0090-5550",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Personality and functional outcome following traumatic brain injury

AU - Rush, Beth K.

AU - Malec, James F.

AU - Brown, Allen W.

AU - Moessner, Anne M.

PY - 2006/8

Y1 - 2006/8

N2 - Objective: To investigate pre- to postinjury personality change in relation to outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective analysis of personality ratings, depression, and outcome using multiple regression analyses. Participants: Cohort of 3 clinical trauma groups (mild TBI, moderate-severe TBI, orthopedic injury) and their significant others (SO). Outcome Measures: Independent Living Scale, Vocational Independence Scale, and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory, 1-2 years postinjury. Predictor Variables: Posttraumatic amnesia (PTA); patient and SO NEO Personality Inventory-Revised ratings of preinjury personality taken at 1-2 months postinjury. Results: Personality function was normal for all groups (regardless of rating source) and stable over time. Neuroticism, and specifically depression, accounted for small proportions of variance in functional outcome, beyond PTA. Conclusions: There is little empirical evidence for significant personality disturbance or change up to 2 years post-TBI. Personality and depression contribute modestly to functional outcomes. Results support a distinction between "personality change" and behavior change following TBI.

AB - Objective: To investigate pre- to postinjury personality change in relation to outcomes following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective analysis of personality ratings, depression, and outcome using multiple regression analyses. Participants: Cohort of 3 clinical trauma groups (mild TBI, moderate-severe TBI, orthopedic injury) and their significant others (SO). Outcome Measures: Independent Living Scale, Vocational Independence Scale, and Mayo-Portland Adaptability Inventory, 1-2 years postinjury. Predictor Variables: Posttraumatic amnesia (PTA); patient and SO NEO Personality Inventory-Revised ratings of preinjury personality taken at 1-2 months postinjury. Results: Personality function was normal for all groups (regardless of rating source) and stable over time. Neuroticism, and specifically depression, accounted for small proportions of variance in functional outcome, beyond PTA. Conclusions: There is little empirical evidence for significant personality disturbance or change up to 2 years post-TBI. Personality and depression contribute modestly to functional outcomes. Results support a distinction between "personality change" and behavior change following TBI.

KW - Outcome

KW - Personality

KW - Traumatic brain injury

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33747405168&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33747405168&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0090-5550.51.3.257

DO - 10.1037/0090-5550.51.3.257

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33747405168

VL - 51

SP - 257

EP - 264

JO - Rehabilitation Psychology

JF - Rehabilitation Psychology

SN - 0090-5550

IS - 3

ER -