Personality Factors and Injury Severity in the Prediction of Early and Late Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes

James F. Malec, Allen W. Brown, Anne M. Moessner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To identify personality features predicting early and late outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Multiple regression analyses of data from an inception cohort. Participants: Sixty-nine persons with moderate to severe TBI and significant others (SOs). Outcome Measures: Rasch measure of supervision, independent living, and work (Participation and Independence Measure) at hospital discharge and at 1-year follow-up. Predictor Variables: Duration of posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) and NEO Personality Inventory-Revised completed by participants and SOs to describe participant's preinjury personality. Results: Overall personality variables were within normal limits. Only self-reported Neuroticism, specifically Depression, added significantly to PTA in predicting early outcome. Conclusions: Although self-reported depression negatively affects TBI outcome, other personality features reported by people with TBI and SOs during early recovery are normal and do not affect outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-61
Number of pages7
JournalRehabilitation Psychology
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Personality
Amnesia
Wounds and Injuries
Depression
Independent Living
Personality Inventory
Regression Analysis
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Traumatic Brain Injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Personality Factors and Injury Severity in the Prediction of Early and Late Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes. / Malec, James F.; Brown, Allen W.; Moessner, Anne M.

In: Rehabilitation Psychology, Vol. 49, No. 1, 02.2004, p. 55-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Malec, James F. ; Brown, Allen W. ; Moessner, Anne M. / Personality Factors and Injury Severity in the Prediction of Early and Late Traumatic Brain Injury Outcomes. In: Rehabilitation Psychology. 2004 ; Vol. 49, No. 1. pp. 55-61.
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