The pharmacokinetics of [123I]iomazenil (Ro 16-0154) in 5 healthy human volunteers were compared to those in 2 hypothermic and 3 normothermic anesthetized monkeys. Following intravenous injection in humans and monkeys, [123I]iomazenil rapidly diffused outside the vascular bed and was cleared from the arterial plasma triexponentially. The clearance half-times in hypothermic animals were protracted to values closer to those of the human. [123I]lomazenil was metabolized mainly to a polar radiometabolite (not extracted by ethyl acetate) in the human whereas an additional lipophilic radiometabolite was detected in the monkey. In vitro and in vivo studies showed that [123I]Iomazenil established equal concentrations in association with the cellular and plasma component of the blood, indicating that the plasma clearance of [123I]iomazenil mirrors that of the blood. Analysis of organs from a monkey given [123I]iomazenil showed that the parent compound was actively taken up by peripheral organs; the polar radiometabolite accumulated mainly in the bile and the kidneys whereas the non-polar radiometabolite accumulated in the urine and kidneys. Greater than 90% of the radioactivity in the different regions of the brain was unchanged parent [123I]iomazenil.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation.|
|State||Published - Nov 1992|
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