Pharmacology of alcohol preference in rodents

Ting Kai Li, Lawrence Lumeng, William J. McBride, James M. Murphy, Janice C. Froehlich, Sandra Morzorati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

In alcoholism research, two fundamental and closely related questions are: 'Why do people drink?' and 'Why do some people drink too much?' Humans voluntarily drink alcoholic beverages or self-administer alcohol, more often than not, in a social setting. Environmental factors and how individuals react to them can, therefore, have powerful influences on drinking behavior. On the other hand, the neuropsychopharmacological actions of ethanol and how different individuals react to them can be important biological determinants. Ethanol's action is biphasic, i.e., it can be reinforcing (rewarding) in the low concentration range, but aversive at high concentrations. Perception by the individual of the reinforcing actions of ethanol might be expected to maintain alcohol-seeking behavior, whereas aversive effects would be expected to extinguish this behavior. Identification of the environmental and biological variables that promote and maintain alcohol-seeking or alcohol self-administration behavior is key to our understanding of the disorder alcoholism itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-86
Number of pages14
JournalAdvances in Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Volume7
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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