Purpose: This phase I study was conducted to determine the recommended dose of enzastaurin, an oral protein kinase C beta (PKCβ) inhibitor, for phase II trials. Secondary objectives were maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics (PK), toxicity, and response. Patients and Methods: Patients at least 18 years of age with advanced cancer and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 lower received enzastaurin orally once daily at a starting dose of 20 mg. Dose escalation proceeded using a modified Simon design. Results: All 47 patients enrolled (mean age, 58 years) received at least one dose of enzastaurin, with a median of two cycles (range, one to 17 cycles). Prevalent malignancies were lung (n = 10) and head and neck cancers (n = 9). Although no MTD was identified up to 700 mg/d, 525 mg was chosen as the recommended dose, and 12 additional patients were accrued at that level. Three dose-limiting toxicities (QTc changes) occurred: one at the 700-mg dose (patient discontinued), and two in the expansion cohort at the 525-mg dose. Total analytes (enzastaurin and its metabolites) exposure increased with increasing doses up to 240 mg, and appeared to plateau at 525 and 700 mg. Grade 1 chromaturia, fatigue, and other GI toxicities were the most common, while no clinically significant grade 3/4 toxicities occurred. Two deaths, unrelated to enzastaurin, occurred. Twenty-one patients (45%) achieved stable disease (SD) for two to 16 cycles. Conclusion: On the basis of plasma exposures and safety data, enzastaurin 525 mg once daily is the recommended phase II dose. Enzastaurin is well tolerated up to 700 mg/d. Evidence of early activity was seen with significant stable disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research