Phase II study of ifosfamide plus daily oral etoposide in previously treated ovarian cancer: A Hoosier Oncology Group (HOG) study

Montaser Shaheen, Michael J. Stender, John W. McClean, Katherine Y. Look, Lawrence H. Einhorn

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Abstract

Advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma is a chemosensitive tumor to platinum plus paclitaxel combination chemotherapy. However, most patients develop recurrences following their initial platinum-based regimen and are candidates for subsequent chemotherapy. Several chemotherapeutic drugs have been tested as single therapeutic agents or in combination for relapsed epithelial ovarian carcinoma. The response rate has been modest with no obvious advantage to combination chemotherapy versus single agents. Both oral etoposide and ifosfamide have shown activity as single agents in pretreated patients. We completed a phase II study at the Hoosier Oncology Group utilizing oral etoposide plus ifosfamide in patients with relapsed ovarian epithelial carcinoma. Fourteen patients entered the study. Ifosfamide was given intravenously (IV) at a dose of 1.2 g/m2/d on days 1 to 4 with mesna 300 mg/m2 IV 15 minutes prior to and 4 and 8 hours after ifosfamide infusion. Etoposide was administered as 37.5 mg/m2/d orally on days 1 to 14. This regimen was repeated every 28 days until disease progression or for a maximum of 6 cycles. Grade III to IV granulocytopenia occurred in 9 patients (64%), with 2 neutropenic infections, but with no therapy-related deaths. Grade III to IV thrombocytopenia occurred in 3 patients (21%), and grade III to IV nausea and vomiting in 1 patient. No renal, pulmonary, hepatic, cardiac, or serious neurotoxicity was observed. Two patients (14%) achieved partial response, and additional 5 (35%) patients had stable disease. The 1-year survival probability using Kaplan-Meier analysis was 0.8. In this small sample-size trial, we did not demonstrate an advantage to this combination regimen compared to these or other single agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-231
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

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Keywords

  • Combination chemotherapy
  • Etoposide
  • Ifosfamide
  • Recurrent ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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