Phenotypic differences in individuals with autism spectrum disorder born preterm and at term gestation

Katherine Bowers, Logan K. Wink, Amy Pottenger, Christopher J. McDougle, Craig Erickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of the study was to characterize the phenotype of males and females with autism spectrum disorder born preterm versus those born at term. Descriptive statistical analyses identified differences between male and female autism spectrum disorder subjects born preterm compared to term for several phenotypic characteristics and comorbidities. Of the 115 (13.0% of 883) born preterm, a greater percentage of males had sleep apnea (13.8% vs 2.5%, p < 0.0001), seizure disorders (17.0% vs 8.5%, p = 0.01), and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (14.9% vs 6.6%, p = 0.005). Females born preterm were more likely to be nonverbal (22.2% vs 4.6%, p = 0.001). In summary, phenotypic differences were observed, especially among males. The results may have implications for understanding the underpinnings of a subset of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and contribute to the development of focused treatments for autism spectrum disorder among children born preterm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-763
Number of pages6
JournalAutism
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder subtypes
  • Comorbidities
  • Descriptive analyses
  • Preterm birth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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    Bowers, K., Wink, L. K., Pottenger, A., McDougle, C. J., & Erickson, C. (2015). Phenotypic differences in individuals with autism spectrum disorder born preterm and at term gestation. Autism, 19(6), 758-763. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361314547366