Phosphorylation of cardiac and skeletal muscle calsequestrin isoforms by casein kinase II: Demonstration of a cluster of unique rapidly phosphorylated sites in cardiac calsequestrin

Steven E. Cala, Larry Jones

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Abstract

Calsequestrin is an acidic Ca2+-binding protein of sarcoplasmic reticulum existing as different gene products in cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. A unique feature of cardiac calsequestrin is a 31-amino acid-long COOH-terminal tail (Scott, B. T., Simmerman, H. K. B., Collins, J. H., Nadal-Ginard, B., and Jones, L. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 8958-8964), which is highly acidic and contains several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II. In the work described here, we tested whether this cardiac-specific sequence is a substrate for casein kinase II. Both cardiac and skeletal muscle calsequestrins were phosphorylated by casein kinase II, but cardiac calsequestrin was phosphorylated to a higher stoichiometry and at least 50 times more rapidly. The site of rapid phosphorylation of cardiac calsequestrin was localized to the distinct COOH terminus, where a cluster of three closely spaced serine residues are found (S378DEESNDDSDDDDE-COOH). The slower phosphorylation of skeletal muscle calsequestrin occurred at its truncated COOH terminus, at threonine residue 363 (I351NTEDDDDDE-COOH). The similar sequence in cardiac calsequestrin (I351NTEDDDNEE) was not phosphorylated. Cardiac calsequestrin, as isolated, already contained 1.2 mol of Pi/mol of protein, whereas skeletal muscle calsequestrin contained only trace levels of Pi. The endogenous Pi of cardiac calsequestrin was also localized to the distinct COOH terminus. Our results indicate that the cardiac isoform of calsequestrin is the preferred substrate for casein kinase II both in vivo and in vitro.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-398
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 5 1991

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Calsequestrin
Casein Kinase II
Phosphorylation
Muscle
Myocardium
Protein Isoforms
Skeletal Muscle
Demonstrations
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
Substrates
Threonine
Stoichiometry
Serine
Carrier Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Phosphorylation of cardiac and skeletal muscle calsequestrin isoforms by casein kinase II: Demonstration of a cluster of unique rapidly phosphorylated sites in cardiac calsequestrin",
abstract = "Calsequestrin is an acidic Ca2+-binding protein of sarcoplasmic reticulum existing as different gene products in cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. A unique feature of cardiac calsequestrin is a 31-amino acid-long COOH-terminal tail (Scott, B. T., Simmerman, H. K. B., Collins, J. H., Nadal-Ginard, B., and Jones, L. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 8958-8964), which is highly acidic and contains several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II. In the work described here, we tested whether this cardiac-specific sequence is a substrate for casein kinase II. Both cardiac and skeletal muscle calsequestrins were phosphorylated by casein kinase II, but cardiac calsequestrin was phosphorylated to a higher stoichiometry and at least 50 times more rapidly. The site of rapid phosphorylation of cardiac calsequestrin was localized to the distinct COOH terminus, where a cluster of three closely spaced serine residues are found (S378DEESNDDSDDDDE-COOH). The slower phosphorylation of skeletal muscle calsequestrin occurred at its truncated COOH terminus, at threonine residue 363 (I351NTEDDDDDE-COOH). The similar sequence in cardiac calsequestrin (I351NTEDDDNEE) was not phosphorylated. Cardiac calsequestrin, as isolated, already contained 1.2 mol of Pi/mol of protein, whereas skeletal muscle calsequestrin contained only trace levels of Pi. The endogenous Pi of cardiac calsequestrin was also localized to the distinct COOH terminus. Our results indicate that the cardiac isoform of calsequestrin is the preferred substrate for casein kinase II both in vivo and in vitro.",
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AU - Jones, Larry

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N2 - Calsequestrin is an acidic Ca2+-binding protein of sarcoplasmic reticulum existing as different gene products in cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. A unique feature of cardiac calsequestrin is a 31-amino acid-long COOH-terminal tail (Scott, B. T., Simmerman, H. K. B., Collins, J. H., Nadal-Ginard, B., and Jones, L. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 8958-8964), which is highly acidic and contains several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II. In the work described here, we tested whether this cardiac-specific sequence is a substrate for casein kinase II. Both cardiac and skeletal muscle calsequestrins were phosphorylated by casein kinase II, but cardiac calsequestrin was phosphorylated to a higher stoichiometry and at least 50 times more rapidly. The site of rapid phosphorylation of cardiac calsequestrin was localized to the distinct COOH terminus, where a cluster of three closely spaced serine residues are found (S378DEESNDDSDDDDE-COOH). The slower phosphorylation of skeletal muscle calsequestrin occurred at its truncated COOH terminus, at threonine residue 363 (I351NTEDDDDDE-COOH). The similar sequence in cardiac calsequestrin (I351NTEDDDNEE) was not phosphorylated. Cardiac calsequestrin, as isolated, already contained 1.2 mol of Pi/mol of protein, whereas skeletal muscle calsequestrin contained only trace levels of Pi. The endogenous Pi of cardiac calsequestrin was also localized to the distinct COOH terminus. Our results indicate that the cardiac isoform of calsequestrin is the preferred substrate for casein kinase II both in vivo and in vitro.

AB - Calsequestrin is an acidic Ca2+-binding protein of sarcoplasmic reticulum existing as different gene products in cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle. A unique feature of cardiac calsequestrin is a 31-amino acid-long COOH-terminal tail (Scott, B. T., Simmerman, H. K. B., Collins, J. H., Nadal-Ginard, B., and Jones, L. R. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 8958-8964), which is highly acidic and contains several consensus phosphorylation sites for casein kinase II. In the work described here, we tested whether this cardiac-specific sequence is a substrate for casein kinase II. Both cardiac and skeletal muscle calsequestrins were phosphorylated by casein kinase II, but cardiac calsequestrin was phosphorylated to a higher stoichiometry and at least 50 times more rapidly. The site of rapid phosphorylation of cardiac calsequestrin was localized to the distinct COOH terminus, where a cluster of three closely spaced serine residues are found (S378DEESNDDSDDDDE-COOH). The slower phosphorylation of skeletal muscle calsequestrin occurred at its truncated COOH terminus, at threonine residue 363 (I351NTEDDDDDE-COOH). The similar sequence in cardiac calsequestrin (I351NTEDDDNEE) was not phosphorylated. Cardiac calsequestrin, as isolated, already contained 1.2 mol of Pi/mol of protein, whereas skeletal muscle calsequestrin contained only trace levels of Pi. The endogenous Pi of cardiac calsequestrin was also localized to the distinct COOH terminus. Our results indicate that the cardiac isoform of calsequestrin is the preferred substrate for casein kinase II both in vivo and in vitro.

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