Physical and mental quality of life in chronic pancreatitis: A case-control study from the north american pancreatitis study 2 cohort

Stephen T. Amann, Dhiraj Yadav, M. Micheal Barmada, Michael O'connell, Elizabeth D. Kennard, Michelle Anderson, John Baillie, Stuart Sherman, Joseph Romagnuolo, Robert H. Hawes, Samer Alkaade, Randall E. Brand, Michele D. Lewis, Timothy B. Gardner, Andres Gelrud, Mary E. Money, Peter A. Banks, Adam Slivka, David C. Whitcomb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to define the quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP). METHODS: We studied 443 well-phenotyped CP subjects and 611 control subjects prospectively enrolled from 20 US centers between 2000 and 2006 in the North American Pancreatitis Study 2. Responses to the SF-12 questionnaire were used to calculate the mental (MCS) and physical component summary scores (PCS) with norm-based scoring (normal ≥50). Quality of life in CP subjects was compared with control subjects after controlling for demographic factors, drinking history, smoking, and medical conditions. Quality of life in CP was also compared with known scores for several chronic conditions. RESULTS: Both PCS (38 [SD, 11.5] vs 52 [SD, 9.4]) and MCS (44 [SD, 11.5] vs 51 [SD, 9.2]) were significantly lower in CP compared with control subjects (P < 0.001). On multivariable analyses, compared with control subjects, a profound decrease in physical QOL (PCS 12.02 points lower) and a clinically significant decrease in mental QOL (MCS 4.24 points lower) was seen due to CP. Quality of life in CP was similar to (heart, kidney, liver, lung disease) or worse than (nonskin cancers, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, rheumatoid arthritis) other chronic conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of CP on QOL appears substantial. The QOL in CP subjects appears to be worse or similar to the QOL of many other chronic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-300
Number of pages8
JournalPancreas
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • chronic pancreatitis
  • prospective
  • quality of life
  • SF-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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    Amann, S. T., Yadav, D., Barmada, M. M., O'connell, M., Kennard, E. D., Anderson, M., Baillie, J., Sherman, S., Romagnuolo, J., Hawes, R. H., Alkaade, S., Brand, R. E., Lewis, M. D., Gardner, T. B., Gelrud, A., Money, M. E., Banks, P. A., Slivka, A., & Whitcomb, D. C. (2013). Physical and mental quality of life in chronic pancreatitis: A case-control study from the north american pancreatitis study 2 cohort. Pancreas, 42(2), 293-300. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0b013e31826532e7