Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy

Robin O. Cleveland, James A. Mcateer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithotripters produce a signature waveform, an acoustic shock wave. This pressure pulse, or shock wave, is responsible for breaking stones. However, it is also responsible for collateral tissue damage that in some cases can be significant. The perfect lithotripter may not exist, so urologists are left to determine how best to use the machines at hand. One step toward improving outcomes in shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL) is to have a better understanding of how current machines work. This chapter introduces the basic physical concepts that underlie the mechanisms of shock-wave action in SWL. Our aim is to give the background necessary to appreciate how the design features of a lithotripter can affect its function. We also present a synopsis of current theories of shock-wave action in stone breakage and tissue damage and summarize recent developments in lithotripter technology.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSmith's Textbook of Endourology: 3rd Edition
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages527-558
Number of pages32
Volume1
ISBN (Print)1444335545, 9781444335545
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 5 2012

Fingerprint

Lithotripsy
Physics
Shock
Physical Phenomena
Hand
Blood Pressure
Technology

Keywords

  • Acoustics
  • Cavitation
  • Coupling
  • Electrohydraulic
  • Electromagnetic, piezoelectric
  • Focal zone
  • Lithotripsy
  • Shock wave
  • Tissue damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Cleveland, R. O., & Mcateer, J. A. (2012). Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy. In Smith's Textbook of Endourology: 3rd Edition (Vol. 1, pp. 527-558). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444345148.ch49

Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy. / Cleveland, Robin O.; Mcateer, James A.

Smith's Textbook of Endourology: 3rd Edition. Vol. 1 Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. p. 527-558.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Cleveland, RO & Mcateer, JA 2012, Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy. in Smith's Textbook of Endourology: 3rd Edition. vol. 1, Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 527-558. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444345148.ch49
Cleveland RO, Mcateer JA. Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy. In Smith's Textbook of Endourology: 3rd Edition. Vol. 1. Wiley-Blackwell. 2012. p. 527-558 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781444345148.ch49
Cleveland, Robin O. ; Mcateer, James A. / Physics of Shock-Wave Lithotripsy. Smith's Textbook of Endourology: 3rd Edition. Vol. 1 Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. pp. 527-558
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