Platelet-activating factor as an effector for environmental stressors

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Environmental stressors exert a profound effect on humans. Many environmental stressors have in common the ability to induce reactive oxygen species. The goal of this chapter is to present evidence that the potent lipid mediator platelet-activating factor (PAF) is involved in the effects of many stressors ranging from cigarette smoke to ultraviolet B radiation. These environmental stressors can generate PAF enzymatically as well as PAF-like lipids produced by free radical-mediated attack of glycerophosphocholines. Inasmuch as PAF exerts both acute inflammation and delayed immunosuppressive effects, involvement of the PAF system can provide an explanation for many consequences of environmental stressor exposures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages185-203
Number of pages19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NameHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Volume259
ISSN (Print)0171-2004
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0325

Keywords

  • Immunosuppression
  • Microvesicle particles
  • Platelet-activating factor
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Skin
  • Ultraviolet radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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