Previously, we found a positive correlation between the expression of platelet-type 12-lipoxygenase (12-LOX) and the progression of human prostate adenocarcinoma (PCa; Gao et al., Urology, 46: 227-237, 1995). To determine the role of 12-LOX in PCa progression, we generated stable 12-LOX-transfected PC3 cells, which synthesize high levels of 12-LOX protein and 12(S)- hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid metabolite. In vitro, 12 LOX-transfected PC3 cells demonstrated a proliferation rate similar to neo controls. However, following s.c. injection into athymic nude mice, 12-LOX-transfected PC3 cells formed larger tumors than did the controls. Decreased necrosis and increased vascularization were observed in the tumors from 12-LOX-transfected PC3 cells. Both endothelial cell migration and Matrigel implantation assays indicate that 12-LOX-transfected PC3 cells were more angiogenic than their neo controls. These data indicate that 12-LOX stimulates human PCa tumor growth by a novel angiogenic mechanism.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research