Police officer attitudes towards intranasal naloxone training

Bradley Ray, Daniel O'Donnell, Kailyn Kahre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


Background: One approach to reduce fatal opioid overdose is by distributing naloxone to law enforcement officers. While several cities have implemented these naloxone programs, little research has investigated officer attitudes about their training. The present research attempts to fill this gap by analyzing survey data from police officers following intranasal naloxone training. Methods: All of the police officers within the same district in Indianapolis, Indiana, underwent training to recognize opioid overdose and to administer intranasal naloxone (N= 117). Following training, officers completed a survey that measured prior experience with opioid overdose, perceived importance of training, and items from the Opioid Overdose Attitudes Scale (OOAS) to measure attitudes following training. Results: The officers had overwhelmingly positive feelings about the training, that it was not difficult, and that other officers should be trained to use naloxone. The OOAS items suggest that officers know the appropriate actions to take in the event of an overdose and feel that administering intranasal naloxone will not be difficult. Finally, we found that officers who had more experience with opioid overdose had more positive attitudes about the training. Conclusion: Distributing naloxone to police officers is likely a trend that will continue so it is important to understand how police officers respond to training to assure that future trainings are as effective as possible. Further research is needed to investigate the impact that these programs have on the community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-110
Number of pages4
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Law enforcement
  • Naloxone
  • Opioid
  • Opioid overdose attitudes scale (OOAS)
  • Overdose
  • Police

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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