Pooled Analysis of Six Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Vasomotor Symptoms

Katherine A. Guthrie, Andrea Z. Lacroix, Kristine E. Ensrud, Hadine Joffe, Katherine M. Newton, Susan D. Reed, Bette Caan, Janet S. Carpenter, Lee S. Cohen, Ellen W. Freeman, Joseph C. Larson, Joann E. Manson, Kathy Rexrode, Todd C. Skaar, Barbara Sternfeld, Garnet L. Anderson

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24 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the effects of six interventions for menopausal vasomotor symptoms relative to control in a pooled analysis, facilitating translation of the results for clinicians and symptomatic women. The Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health network tested these interventions in three randomized clinical trials. METHODS: An analysis of pooled individual-level data from three randomized clinical trials is presented. Participants were 899 perimenopausal and postmenopausal women with at least 14 bothersome vasomotor symptoms per week. Interventions included 10-20 mg escitalopram per day, nonaerobic yoga, aerobic exercise, 1.8 g per day omega-3 fatty acid supplementation, 0.5 mg low-dose oral 17-beta-estradiol (E2) per day, and 75 mg low-dose venlafaxine XR per day. The main outcome measures were changes from baseline in mean daily vasomotor symptom frequency and bother during 8-12 weeks of treatment. Linear regression models estimated differences in outcomes between each intervention and corresponding control group adjusted for baseline characteristics. Models included trial-specific intercepts, effects of the baseline outcome measure, and time. RESULTS: The 8-week reduction in vasomotor symptom frequency from baseline relative to placebo was similar for escitalopram at -1.4 per day (95% confidence interval [CI] -2.7 to -0.2), low-dose E2 at -2.4 (95% CI -3.4 to -1.3), and venlafaxine at -1.8 (95% CI -2.8 to -0.8); vasomotor symptom bother reduction was minimal and did not vary across these three pharmacologic interventions (mean -0.2 to -0.3 relative to placebo). No effects on vasomotor symptom frequency or bother were seen with aerobic exercise, yoga, or omega-3 supplements. CONCLUSION: These analyses suggest that escitalopram, low-dose E2, and venlafaxine provide comparable, modest reductions in vasomotor symptom frequency and bother among women with moderate hot flushes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, www.clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00894543 (MsFLASH 01), NCT01178892 (MsFLASH 02), and NCT01418209 (MsFLASH 03).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-422
Number of pages10
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume126
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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    Guthrie, K. A., Lacroix, A. Z., Ensrud, K. E., Joffe, H., Newton, K. M., Reed, S. D., Caan, B., Carpenter, J. S., Cohen, L. S., Freeman, E. W., Larson, J. C., Manson, J. E., Rexrode, K., Skaar, T. C., Sternfeld, B., & Anderson, G. L. (2015). Pooled Analysis of Six Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Vasomotor Symptoms. Obstetrics and gynecology, 126(2), 413-422. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000000927