PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of current issues surrounding the prevention of and screening for lung, breast, cervical, colorectal, ovarian, prostate, and skin cancer. DATA SOURCES: Original research, review articles, and published guidelines. DATA SYNTHESIS: Although morbidity and mortality rates have decreased for these cancers, prevention and early detection still require increased funding and research. CONCLUSIONS: More behavioral scientists must be trained in prevention and early detection of cancer, and increased research funding is necessary to encourage advances in primary and secondary prevention. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Oncology nurses should incorporate appropriate prevention and early-detection strategies into practice.
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