Posttranscription regulation of prostate cancer growth

Li Shen, Roberto Pili

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Advances in the understanding of the molecular mechanisms implicated in prostate cancer progression have allowed identification of many potential therapeutic gene targets that are involved in apoptosis, growth factors, cell signaling, and the androgen receptor. A critical factor responsible for the malignant progression of prostate cancer is the abnormal expression and function of specific proteins. From the transcription of mRNA to the translation of proteins and their function, several steps can be exploited as "drugableg" targets. In this article we will review some of the key molecular targets and posttranscriptional strategies that are currently being tested both preclinically and clinically as targeted therapeutic approach for prostate cancer. Most of the targets mentioned in this review involve the prostate cancer signal transduction cascade, and their functions include prosurvival, antiapoptosis, and proangiogenesis. We will focus in particular on the emerging role of the "chromatin modifiers,g" histone deacetylase inhibitors, not only in transcriptional gene regulation but also in posttranscriptional protein modifications as a tool for therapeutic intervention in prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-53
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Journal
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical development
  • Histone deacetylase inhibitors
  • Prostate cancer
  • Protein modification
  • mRNA targeting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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