Ventricular trabeculation and compaction are two essential morphogenetic events for generating a functionally competent ventricular wall. A significant reduction in trabeculation is usually associated with hypoplastic wall and ventricular compact zone deficiencies, which commonly leads to embryonic heart failure and early embryonic lethality. In contrast, the arrest of ventricular wall compaction (noncompaction) is believed to be causative to the left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC), a genetically heterogeneous disorder and the third most common cardiomyopathy among pediatric patients. After critically reviewing recent findings from genetically engineered mouse models, we suggest a model which proposes that defects in myofibrillogenesis and polarization in trabecular cardiomyocytes underly the common pathogenic mechanism for ventricular noncompaction.
- Congenital heart defects
- Genetic pathway
- Heart development
- Ventricular noncompaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine