Previous studies demonstrated that during cisplatin-induced acute renal failure, there is a significant reduction in proximal tubule fatty acid oxidation. We now report on the effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) ligand Wy-14643 (WY) on the abnormalities of medium chain fatty acid oxidation and pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDC) activity in kidney tissue of cisplatin-treated mice. Cisplatin causes a significant reduction in mRNA levels and enzyme activity of mitochondrial medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD). PPARα ligand WY ameliorated cisplatin-induced acute renal failure and prevented cisplatin-induced reduction of mRNA levels and enzyme activity of MCAD. In contrast, in cisplatin-treated PPARα null mice, WY did not protect kidney function and did not reverse cisplatin-induced decreased expression of MCAD. Cisplatin inhibited renal PDC activity before the development of acute tubular necrosis, and PDC inhibition was reversed by pretreatment with PPARα agonist WY. Cisplatin also induced increased mRNA and protein levels of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase-4 (PDK4), and PPARα ligand WY prevented cisplatin-induced increased expression of PDK4 protein levels in wild-type mice. We conclude that PPARα agonists have therapeutic potential for cisplatin-induced acute renal failure. Use of PPARα ligands prevents acute tubular necrosis by ameliorating cisplatin-induced inhibition of two distinct metabolic processes, MCAD-mediated fatty acid oxidation and PDC activity.
- Fatty acid oxidation
- Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α
- Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex
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