Introduction Advances in organ allocation, surgical technique, immunosuppression, and long-term follow-up have led to a significant improvement in kidney transplant outcomes. Although there are clear recommendations for several aspects of kidney transplant management, there are no pediatric-specific guidelines for immediate postoperative care. The aim of this survey is to examine practice variations in the immediate postoperative care of pediatric kidney transplant patients. Methods We surveyed medical directors of Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI)-affiliated pediatric intensive care units regarding center-specific immediate postoperative management of pediatric kidney transplantation. Results The majority of PALISI centers admit patients to the pediatric intensive care unit postoperatively, and 97% of the centers involve a pediatric nephrologist in immediate postoperative care. Most patients undergo invasive hemodynamic monitoring; 97% of centers monitor invasive arterial blood pressure and 88% monitor central venous pressure. Most centers monitor serum electrolytes every 4 to 6 hours. Wide variation exists regarding blood pressure goal, fluid replacement type, frequency of obtaining kidney ultrasound, and use of prophylactic anticoagulation. Conclusion There is consistent practice across PALISI centers in regards to many aspects of immediate postoperative management of pediatric kidney transplantation. However, variation still exists in some management aspects that warrant further discussions to reach a national consensus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Nov 2017|
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