La precariedad laboral en inmigrantes en situación irregular en España y su relación con la salud

Translated title of the contribution: Precarious employment in undocumented immigrants in Spain and its relationship with health

Victoria Porthé, Fernando G. Benavides, M. Luisa Vázquez, Carlos Ruiz-Frutos, Ana M. García, Emily Ahonen, Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez, Joan Benach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe the characteristics of precarious employment in undocumented immigrants in Spain and its relationship with health. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using analytic induction. Criterion sampling, based on the Immigration, Work and Health project (Inmigración, Trabajo y Salud [ITSAL]) criterion (current definitions of 'legal immigrant' in Spain and in the literature) was used to recruit 44 undocumented immigrant workers from four different countries, living in four Spanish cities. Results: The characteristics of precariousness perceived by undocumented immigrants included high job instability; disempowerment due to lack of legal protection; high vulnerability exacerbated by their legal and immigrant status; perceived insufficient wages and lower wages than coworkers; limited social benefits and difficulty in exercising their rights; and finally, long hours and fast-paced work. Our informants reported they had no serious health problems but did describe physical and mental problems associated with their employment conditions and legal situation. Conclusions: Our results suggest that undocumented immigrants' situation may not fit the model of precarious employment exactly. However, the model's dimensions can be expanded to better represent undocumented immigrants' situation, thus strengthening the general model. Precarious employment in this group can be defined as «extreme», as it affects their working and social lives. If these workers continue to be exposed to such precarious conditions, the impact on their health may increase.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalGaceta Sanitaria
Volume23
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Employment conditions
  • Health
  • Legal status
  • Migration
  • Social protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Porthé, V., Benavides, F. G., Vázquez, M. L., Ruiz-Frutos, C., García, A. M., Ahonen, E., Agudelo-Suárez, A. A., & Benach, J. (2009). La precariedad laboral en inmigrantes en situación irregular en España y su relación con la salud. Gaceta Sanitaria, 23(SUPPL. 1), 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2009.09.004