Precision medicine in colorectal cancer: Evolving genomic landscape and emerging consensus

Kurt W. Fisher, Antonio Lopez-Beltran, Rodolfo Montironi, Liang Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Colorectal cancer is the third most lethal cancer in men and women in the USA. Although surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, many patients develop local and widely metastatic disease and become resistant to conventional chemotherapeutics. Recent comprehensive molecular characterization has led to subclassification of colorectal adenocarcinoma based on molecular properties, such as microsatellite instability and high CpG island methylation. These emerging subclassifications are associate with varying frequencies of RAS, BRAF, APC and other genetic events and have the ability to redefine therapeutic regimens. In this review, we examine how molecular diagnostics are currently used while providing insight into emerging implications for molecular analysis for personalized therapy in colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2711-2719
Number of pages9
JournalFuture Oncology
Volume11
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015

Keywords

  • BRAF
  • colorectal cancer
  • KRAS
  • microsatellite instability
  • molecular diagnostics
  • NRAS
  • personalized medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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