Predicting Outcomes Among Adolescents With Disruptive Disorders Being Treated in a System of Care Program

Ukamaka M. Oruche, Janis E. Gerkensmeyer, Janet S. Carpenter, Joan K. Austin, Susan M. Perkins, Susan M. Rawl, Eric R. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: "Systems of care" are strengths-based approaches to treating adolescents and others with disruptive disorders. However, little is known about why some adolescents improve and others do not. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in personal strengths and family functioning as predictors of behavioral and social functioning among adolescents with disruptive disorders who participated in a system of care program. DESIGN: Secondary analyses of data from 114 adolescents (12-17 years of age) with disruptive disorders and their caregivers who participated in the Dawn Project Evaluation Study. Caregivers completed in-depth interviews conducted by trained data collectors using standardized questionnaires. Baseline and 12- month data are reported here. RESULTS: Improvement in personal strengths was a significant predictor of improvement in adolescent behavioral and social functioning, controlling for demographics (p < .001). CONCLUSION: In adolescents with disruptive disorders, psychiatric nurses should focus on enhancing adolescents' personal strengths to improve behavioral and social functioning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-344
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • adolescents/adolescence
  • chronic mental illness
  • community mental health services
  • families of the mentally ill
  • service delivery systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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