Rationale: Some of the behavioral consequences of deficits in N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor function are thought to arise from the disinhibition of cortical glutamatergic circuitry. Objective: This study evaluated whether pretreatment with a drug that reduces glutamatergic activation, the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist, LY354740, reduced the cognitive effects of the NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist, ketamine, in healthy human subjects. Methods: Nineteen healthy human subjects completed 3 test days during which LY354740 (matched placebo, 100 mg, 400 mg) was administered under double-blind conditions 4 h prior to the single-blind intravenous administration of saline and 5.7 h prior to ketamine administration (bolus of 0.26 mg/kg over 1 min, infusion of 0.65 mg/kg per hour for 100 min). Thus on each test day each subject received a single dose of LY354740 (or its matched placebo) and both saline and ketamine infusions. Results: Ketamine impaired attention, working memory, and delayed recall. It also produced positive and negative symptoms, perceptual changes, and dysphoric mood. LY354740 did not have a significant effect on working memory on the placebo day; however, it produced a significant dose-related improvement in working memory during ketamine infusion. Conclusions: These data provide preliminary and suggestive evidence that LY354740 or other group II mGluR agonists might play a role in treating working memory impairment related to deficits in NMDA receptor function.
- N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor
- Prefrontal cortex
- Working memory
ASJC Scopus subject areas