Objective: To determine if an innovative extracorporeal electrohydraulic shock wave (SW) device (sparker array [SPA]) can effectively fracture artificial stones in vitro and in vivo, and if SPA treatment produces a renal lesion in our pig model of lithotripsy injury. Results of these experiments will be used to help evaluate the suitability of this device as a clinical lithotripter. Materials and Methods: Ultracal-30 artificial stones were placed in a holder at the focus of the SPA and treated with 600 SWs (21.6 kV, 60 shocks/min). Stone fragments were collected, dried, and weighed to determine stone breakage. In vivo stone breakage entailed implanting stones into pigs. These stones were treated with 600 or 1200 SWs and the fragments were collected for analysis. Lesion analysis consisted of treating the left kidney of pigs with 1200 or 2400 SWs and quantitating the hemorrhagic lesion. Results: In vitro, 71% ± 2% of each artificial stone was fractured to <2 mm in size. In vivo stone breakage averaged 63%. Renal injury analysis revealed that only 1 of 7 kidneys showed evidence of hemorrhagic injury in the treated area. Conclusion: The SPA consistently comminuted artificial stones demonstrating its ability to fracture stones like other lithotripters. Also, the SPA caused little to no renal injury at the settings used in this study. These findings suggest further research is warranted to determine the potential of this device as a clinical lithotripter.
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