Preparation and use of a yeast shRNA delivery system for gene silencing in mosquito larvae

Keshava Mysore, Limb K. Hapairai, Na Wei, Jacob S. Realey, Nicholas D. Scheel, David W. Severson, Molly Duman-Scheel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mosquito genome projects facilitated research in new facets of mosquito biology, including functional genetic studies in the dengue and Zika virus vector Aedes aegypti and the primary African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. RNA interference (RNAi) has facilitated gene silencing experiments in both of these disease vector mosquito species and could one day be applied as a new method of vector control. Here, we describe a procedure for the genetic engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker’s yeast) that express short hairpin RNA (shRNA) corresponding to mosquito target genes of interest. Following cultivation, which facilitates inexpensive propagation of shRNA, the yeast is inactivated and prepared in a ready-to-use dry tablet formulation that is fed to mosquito larvae. Ingestion of the yeast tablets results in effective larval target gene silencing. This technically straightforward and affordable technique may be applicable to a wide variety of mosquito species and potentially to other arthropods that feed on yeast.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMethods in Molecular Biology
PublisherHumana Press Inc.
Pages213-231
Number of pages19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NameMethods in Molecular Biology
Volume1858
ISSN (Print)1064-3745

Keywords

  • Aedes aegypti
  • Anopheles gambiae
  • Dengue
  • Development
  • Insect
  • Malaria
  • RNAi
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Vector
  • Zika

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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  • Cite this

    Mysore, K., Hapairai, L. K., Wei, N., Realey, J. S., Scheel, N. D., Severson, D. W., & Duman-Scheel, M. (2019). Preparation and use of a yeast shRNA delivery system for gene silencing in mosquito larvae. In Methods in Molecular Biology (pp. 213-231). (Methods in Molecular Biology; Vol. 1858). Humana Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-8775-7_15