Preparing for fellowship in internal medicine: Steps for success with a focus on pulmonary and/or critical care programs

Gabriel T. Bosslet, Kristin M. Burkart, Matthew C. Miles, Peter H. Lenz, Candace A. Huebert, Jennifer W. McCallister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


This paper outlines specific tips for those applying to pulmonary and/or critical care medicine fellowship training in the United States using the PAIR-Match steps: preparation, application, interview, ranking, and match. Preparation for fellowship begins long before the application process with an assessment of one's long-term goals (to the extent that these are known). The cornerstone of the application is the curriculum vitae, which should highlight applicants' pulmonary and critical care-related experiences and scholarly work. Applicants should obtain letters of recommendation from faculty members who know them well and can write a letter that speaks to their strengths in clinical, scholarly, or leadership areas. The personal statement is an opportunity to share experiences not otherwise shared in the application and is an opportunity to explain any breaks in training or performance lapses. When selecting programs to which they will apply, applicants should pay close attention to the areas of education and curriculum, clinical experience, scholarly opportunity, and personal factors. Preparing for interviews should include a review of the program at which one is interviewing and development of relevant questions regarding details of the program. The interview day is the applicant's opportunity to see the "personality" of the program by meeting with the program director, faculty, and current fellows and to assess whether the program is a good fit for their goals. Applicants should only rank those programs they are willing to attend, in order of preference; they should be aware that the match process is binding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-573
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of the American Thoracic Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015


  • Education
  • Employment application
  • Residency
  • Scholarship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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