Prevalencia de fluorosis dental en ocho cohorts de mexicanos nacidos durante la instauración del programa nacional de fluoruración de la sal doméstica

Translated title of the contribution: Prevalence of dental fluorosis in eight cohorts of Mexicans born in the establishment of the national domestic salt fluoridation

Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Soĺs, Juan Fernando Casanova-Rosado, Ana Alicia Vallejos-Sánchez, Rubén de la Rosa-Santillana, Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez, Juan José Villalobos-Rodelo, Gerardo Maupomé

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Abstract

Objective: to determine the effect of birth cohort on dental fluorosis in Mexican schoolchildren during the implementation of the national program to fluoridate domestic salt. Material and methods: in a cross-sectional study we examined 1,644 schoolchildren 6-13 years old born between 1985-1992 in Campeche, México a community where there is negligible naturally available fluoride in water supplies. Dental fluorosis was assessed with the Dean's index in the permanent dentition. Questionnaires were used to identify diverse socio-demographic and socio-economic variables. In the statistical analysis logistic regression was used. Results: the prevalence of fluorosis was 15.5%. In the multivariate model, we observed fluorosis was associated with larger family sizes (OR: 0.91; 95% CI: 0.84-0.99) and female sex (OR: 0.74; 95% CI: 0.57-0.98). Furthermore, using the cohort of 1985 as a comparison group, no significant dental fluorosis differences were found with those born between 1986-1987; in contrast, in the cohorts born between 1989-1992 the risk of dental fluorosis increased by almost four times (p < 0.05). Conclusion: the prevalence of fluorosis was low compared.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalGaceta Medica de Mexico
Volume149
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 25 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Casanova-Rosado, A. J., Medina-Soĺs, C. E., Casanova-Rosado, J. F., Vallejos-Sánchez, A. A., de la Rosa-Santillana, R., Mendoza-Rodríguez, M., Villalobos-Rodelo, J. J., & Maupomé, G. (2013). Prevalencia de fluorosis dental en ocho cohorts de mexicanos nacidos durante la instauración del programa nacional de fluoruración de la sal doméstica. Gaceta Medica de Mexico, 149(1), 27-35.