Prevalence of glaucoma: The Beaver Dam Eye Study

B. E K Klein, R. Klein, W. E. Sponsel, T. Franke, Louis Cantor, J. Martone, M. J. Menage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of glaucoma in the population participating in the Beaver Dam Eye Study (n = 4926). Methods: All subjects were examined according to standard protocols, which included applanation tonometry, examination of the anterior chamber, perimetry, grading of fundus photographs of the optic disc, and a medical history interview. Visual field, cup-to-disc ratio, and intraocular pressure (IOP) criteria were used to define the presence of open-angle glaucoma. Definite open-angle glaucoma was defined by the presence of any two or all three of the following: abnormal visual field, large or asymmetric cup-to- disc ratio, high IOP. Results: The overall prevalence of definite open-angle glaucoma was 2.1%. The prevalence increased with age from 0.9% in people 43 to 54 years of age to 4.7% in people 75 years of age or older. There was no significant effect of sex after adjusting for age. Of the 104 cases of definite open-angle glaucoma, 33 had IOPs less than 22 mmHg in the involved eye. Hemorrhage on the optic disc was found in 46 people; 2 of these had glaucoma. Narrow-angle glaucoma was rare, with two definite cases in the population. Conclusion: The prevalence of open-angle glaucoma in Beaver Dam is similar to that in other white populations. Findings from this study re- emphasize the notion that estimates of glaucoma prevalence should be based on assessing multiple risk indicators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1499-1504
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmology
Volume99
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1992

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Open Angle Glaucoma
Glaucoma
Rodentia
Optic Disk
Visual Fields
Intraocular Pressure
Population
Angle Closure Glaucoma
Visual Field Tests
Manometry
Anterior Chamber
Interviews
Hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Klein, B. E. K., Klein, R., Sponsel, W. E., Franke, T., Cantor, L., Martone, J., & Menage, M. J. (1992). Prevalence of glaucoma: The Beaver Dam Eye Study. Ophthalmology, 99(10), 1499-1504.

Prevalence of glaucoma : The Beaver Dam Eye Study. / Klein, B. E K; Klein, R.; Sponsel, W. E.; Franke, T.; Cantor, Louis; Martone, J.; Menage, M. J.

In: Ophthalmology, Vol. 99, No. 10, 1992, p. 1499-1504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klein, BEK, Klein, R, Sponsel, WE, Franke, T, Cantor, L, Martone, J & Menage, MJ 1992, 'Prevalence of glaucoma: The Beaver Dam Eye Study', Ophthalmology, vol. 99, no. 10, pp. 1499-1504.
Klein BEK, Klein R, Sponsel WE, Franke T, Cantor L, Martone J et al. Prevalence of glaucoma: The Beaver Dam Eye Study. Ophthalmology. 1992;99(10):1499-1504.
Klein, B. E K ; Klein, R. ; Sponsel, W. E. ; Franke, T. ; Cantor, Louis ; Martone, J. ; Menage, M. J. / Prevalence of glaucoma : The Beaver Dam Eye Study. In: Ophthalmology. 1992 ; Vol. 99, No. 10. pp. 1499-1504.
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