Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States

Frederick P. Rivara, Beth E. Ebel, Michelle M. Garrison, Dimitri A. Christakis, Sarah Wiehe, David T. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Tobacco is the leading cause of death in the United States. The majority of people who smoke begin before age 18. Objective Determine the number of smoking-attributable deaths and years of potential life lost (YPLL) in adults that might be saved through interventions to reduce smoking prevalence among children and adolescents. Methods Calculation of the smoking-attributable mortality and years of potential life lost by age 85 among the cohort of people aged 18 in 2000. Results By age 85, there would be 127,670 smoking-attributable deaths among women and 284,502 deaths among men, for a total 412,172 smoking-attributable deaths in the United States among the cohort of 3,964,704 people aged 18 years alive in 2000. Through large-scale multimedia campaigns and a $1 increase in the price per pack of cigarettes, smoking prevalence could be reduced by 26% and would result in an annual savings of 108,466 lives and 1.6 million YPLL. Conclusions Interventions to decrease smoking prevalence among children and adolescents can have large effects on adult mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)118-125
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Smoking
Life Expectancy
Multimedia
Mortality
Smoke
Tobacco
Cause of Death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Rivara, F. P., Ebel, B. E., Garrison, M. M., Christakis, D. A., Wiehe, S., & Levy, D. T. (2004). Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 27(2), 118-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.014

Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States. / Rivara, Frederick P.; Ebel, Beth E.; Garrison, Michelle M.; Christakis, Dimitri A.; Wiehe, Sarah; Levy, David T.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 27, No. 2, 08.2004, p. 118-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rivara, FP, Ebel, BE, Garrison, MM, Christakis, DA, Wiehe, S & Levy, DT 2004, 'Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 118-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2004.04.014
Rivara, Frederick P. ; Ebel, Beth E. ; Garrison, Michelle M. ; Christakis, Dimitri A. ; Wiehe, Sarah ; Levy, David T. / Prevention of smoking-related deaths in the United States. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2004 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 118-125.
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