Principles of external fixation of the femur.

Sanjeev Sabharwal, Shyam Kishan, Fred Behrens

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations


External fixation may be indicated for a variety of traumatic and reconstructive conditions involving the femur. Regardless of underlying pathology and type of external fixator used, fixator placement requires a clear understanding of the unique skeletal and soft-tissue anatomy of the femur. In this review, we outline the principles of safe and effective placement of external fixation for the femur. By following these guidelines regarding femur anatomy and alignment, proper pin-insertion techniques, and aftercare, surgeons should be able to obtain satisfactory results for the majority of appropriately selected patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-223
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Sabharwal, S., Kishan, S., & Behrens, F. (2005). Principles of external fixation of the femur. American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.), 34(5), 218-223.