Printed health information materials: Evaluation of readability and suitability

Carol Shieh, Barbara Hosei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined readability and suitability of printed health information materials colleted from multiple sources. In phase I, nursing students used Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG; McLaughlin, 1969) to assess the readability of 21 materials collected from the community. In phases II and III, nursing students and registered nurses used SMOG and the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM; Doak, Doak, & Root, 1996) to evaluate 15 prenatal materials from a Healthy Start program. SMOG assigns a reading grade level based on the number of words with 3 or more syllables. SAM has 22 items in 6 evaluation areas: content, literacy demand, graphics, layout and typography, learning stimulation and motivation, and cultural appropriateness. Major findings included that 53% to 86% of the printed materials had a reading level at or higher than 9th grade; materials lacked summary, interaction, and modeled behaviors, and registered nurses rated more materials as not suitable and fewer as superior for suitability qualities than students. Improving printed materials to have lower reading levels and better suitability qualities are indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-90
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Community Health Nursing
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008

Fingerprint

Reading
Nursing Students
Health
Nurses
Motivation
Learning
Students
Literacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Printed health information materials : Evaluation of readability and suitability. / Shieh, Carol; Hosei, Barbara.

In: Journal of Community Health Nursing, Vol. 25, No. 2, 04.2008, p. 73-90.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{13d3edec005540629c48185860e236c9,
title = "Printed health information materials: Evaluation of readability and suitability",
abstract = "This study examined readability and suitability of printed health information materials colleted from multiple sources. In phase I, nursing students used Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG; McLaughlin, 1969) to assess the readability of 21 materials collected from the community. In phases II and III, nursing students and registered nurses used SMOG and the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM; Doak, Doak, & Root, 1996) to evaluate 15 prenatal materials from a Healthy Start program. SMOG assigns a reading grade level based on the number of words with 3 or more syllables. SAM has 22 items in 6 evaluation areas: content, literacy demand, graphics, layout and typography, learning stimulation and motivation, and cultural appropriateness. Major findings included that 53{\%} to 86{\%} of the printed materials had a reading level at or higher than 9th grade; materials lacked summary, interaction, and modeled behaviors, and registered nurses rated more materials as not suitable and fewer as superior for suitability qualities than students. Improving printed materials to have lower reading levels and better suitability qualities are indicated.",
author = "Carol Shieh and Barbara Hosei",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1080/07370010802017083",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "73--90",
journal = "Journal of Community Health Nursing",
issn = "0737-0016",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Printed health information materials

T2 - Evaluation of readability and suitability

AU - Shieh, Carol

AU - Hosei, Barbara

PY - 2008/4

Y1 - 2008/4

N2 - This study examined readability and suitability of printed health information materials colleted from multiple sources. In phase I, nursing students used Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG; McLaughlin, 1969) to assess the readability of 21 materials collected from the community. In phases II and III, nursing students and registered nurses used SMOG and the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM; Doak, Doak, & Root, 1996) to evaluate 15 prenatal materials from a Healthy Start program. SMOG assigns a reading grade level based on the number of words with 3 or more syllables. SAM has 22 items in 6 evaluation areas: content, literacy demand, graphics, layout and typography, learning stimulation and motivation, and cultural appropriateness. Major findings included that 53% to 86% of the printed materials had a reading level at or higher than 9th grade; materials lacked summary, interaction, and modeled behaviors, and registered nurses rated more materials as not suitable and fewer as superior for suitability qualities than students. Improving printed materials to have lower reading levels and better suitability qualities are indicated.

AB - This study examined readability and suitability of printed health information materials colleted from multiple sources. In phase I, nursing students used Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG; McLaughlin, 1969) to assess the readability of 21 materials collected from the community. In phases II and III, nursing students and registered nurses used SMOG and the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM; Doak, Doak, & Root, 1996) to evaluate 15 prenatal materials from a Healthy Start program. SMOG assigns a reading grade level based on the number of words with 3 or more syllables. SAM has 22 items in 6 evaluation areas: content, literacy demand, graphics, layout and typography, learning stimulation and motivation, and cultural appropriateness. Major findings included that 53% to 86% of the printed materials had a reading level at or higher than 9th grade; materials lacked summary, interaction, and modeled behaviors, and registered nurses rated more materials as not suitable and fewer as superior for suitability qualities than students. Improving printed materials to have lower reading levels and better suitability qualities are indicated.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=45949103319&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=45949103319&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07370010802017083

DO - 10.1080/07370010802017083

M3 - Article

C2 - 18449833

AN - SCOPUS:45949103319

VL - 25

SP - 73

EP - 90

JO - Journal of Community Health Nursing

JF - Journal of Community Health Nursing

SN - 0737-0016

IS - 2

ER -