Prion-protein-interacting amyloid-β oligomers of high molecular weight are tightly correlated with memory impairment in multiple Alzheimer mouse models

Mikhail A. Kostylev, Adam C. Kaufman, Haakon B. Nygaard, Pujan Patel, Laura T. Haas, Erik C. Gunther, Alexander Vortmeyer, Stephen M. Strittmatter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid-β accumulation, with soluble oligomers (Aβo) being the most synaptotoxic. However, the multivalent and unstable nature of Aβo limits molecular characterization and hinders research reproducibility. Here, we characterized multiple Aβo forms throughout the life span of various AD mice and in post-mortem human brain. Aβo exists in several populations, where prion protein (PrPC)-interacting Aβo is a high molecular weight Aβ assembly present in multiple mice and humans with AD. Levels of PrPC-interacting Aβo match closely with mouse memory and are equal or superior to other Aβ measures in predicting behavioral impairment. However, Aβo metrics vary considerably between mouse strains. Deleting PrPC expression in mice with relatively low PrPC -interacting Aβo (Tg2576) results in partial rescue of cognitive performance as opposed to complete recovery in animals with a high percentage of PrPC-interacting Aβo (APP/PSEN1). These findings highlight the relative contributions and interplay of Aβo forms in AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17415-17438
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume290
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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