Prioritizing Needs and Outcomes for Adolescent Substance Use Treatment Planning: An Online Modified-Delphi Process

Sean Grant, Eric R. Pedersen, Sarah B. Hunter, Dmitry Khodyakov, Beth Ann Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Key stakeholders can have differing views about which information is essential to inform placement decisions for all patients. This study examined consensus across stakeholder groups on the most important individual needs and treatment outcomes for informing decisions specifically about the level of care for an adolescent in substance use treatment. METHODS: We conducted an online modified-Delphi process with treatment providers, policymakers, researchers, and parents of adolescents who have received substance use treatment. Participants rated 48 individual needs from the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs-Initial that were mapped onto the 6 dimensions of the American Society of Addiction Medicine Criteria. In addition, participants rated 10 treatment outcomes from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration's National Outcome Measures. We assessed consensus within stakeholder groups using the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method. We considered the items reaching consensus with the highest ratings across stakeholder groups as the most important individual needs and treatment outcomes. RESULTS: We recruited 194 participants (81 providers, 54 policymakers, 32 researchers, 27 parents). Participants identified suicidality and severity of substance use disorder symptoms as the most important individual needs, and reduction in substance use as the most important treatment outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Standardized procedures for matching adolescents to levels of care for substance use treatment should at a minimum be based on assessments of suicidality and severity of substance use disorder symptoms, and consider reduction in substance use as a primary treatment outcome. These findings can progress the development of "level-of-care" decision rules specifically for adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e83-e88
JournalJournal of Addiction Medicine
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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