Proboscis lateralis

S. Martin, E. Hogan, E. P. Sorenson, A. A. Cohen-Gadol, R. S. Tubbs, M. Loukas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations


Introduction: Proboscis lateralis is a rare congenitally acquired facial abnormality characterized by a soft-tissue tube- or trunk-like appendage projecting from the surface of the face, most frequently rooted in the medial canthal region. Proboscis lateralis is generally associated with a wide range of concomitant craniofacial anomalies, giving rise to multiple theories describing the embryological pathogenesis and various classification systems to account for the pathological associations. Results/Conclusion: This paper provides a literature review of the rare manifestations of proboscis lateralis and represents a summary of current literature related to embryological pathogenesis, definitive diagnosis, and surgical management approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-891
Number of pages7
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013


  • Craniofacial anomaly
  • Frontonasal reconstruction
  • Hemisinonasal aplasia
  • Maxillary hypoplasia
  • Proboscis lateralis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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