Production of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins by retinal cells in vitro

Patrick Moriarty, Mike Boulton, Alan Dickson, David McLeod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and its associated binding proteins (IGFBPs) have been identified in retinal tissues but their precise cellular origin remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the ability of three retinal cell types (microvascular endothelial cells, pericytes, and pigment epithelial cells) and a non-retinal cell type (Tenon's fibroblasts) to produce IGF-I and cell specific IGFBPs in vitro. Using a radioimmunoassay we demonstrated that all four cell types produce IGF-I and that this production continued over a 72 hour period. In addition, western ligand blotting revealed that each cell type produced at least one IGFBP and that each cell type produced a different IGFBP profile. Endothelial cells produced a 24 kDa band only, pericytes produced both a 24 kDa and a 34 kDa band, retinal pigment epithelial cells produced a 38-41 kDa band, while fibroblasts produced both a 24 kDa and a 30 kDa band. Laser scanning densitometry demonstrated that in the majority of experiments the IGFBPs accumulated in the culture medium over a 72 hour period. Neither IGF-I nor IGFBPs were observed in cell lysates indicating de novo synthesis and secretion in vitro. These results suggest an autocrine/paracrine function for IGF-I and its associated binding proteins which may play a significant role in both retinal physiology and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-642
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume78
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Carrier Proteins
Pericytes
Endothelial Cells
Fibroblasts
Epithelial Cells
In Vitro Techniques
Retinal Diseases
Retinal Pigments
Densitometry
Radioimmunoassay
Culture Media
Lasers
Western Blotting
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Production of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins by retinal cells in vitro. / Moriarty, Patrick; Boulton, Mike; Dickson, Alan; McLeod, David.

In: British Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 78, No. 8, 1994, p. 638-642.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moriarty, Patrick ; Boulton, Mike ; Dickson, Alan ; McLeod, David. / Production of IGF-I and IGF binding proteins by retinal cells in vitro. In: British Journal of Ophthalmology. 1994 ; Vol. 78, No. 8. pp. 638-642.
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