Profile of dementia in a Nigerian community-types, pattern of impairment, and severity rating

Adesola Ogunniyi, Oyewusi Gureje, Olusegun Baiyewu, Fred Unverzagt, Kathleen S. Hall, Steve Oluwole, B. O. Osuntokun, Hugh C. Hendrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations


Out of 2494 subjects screened in a Nigerian community, 28 patients with dementia were identified . Alzheimer's disease was diagnosed in 18 patients (64.3%), 16 of whom had probable Alzheimer's disease. Eight patients (28.6%) had vascular dementia while one patient each had parkinsonism with dementia and depression with dementia. Patients with Alzheimer's disease were significantly older, predominantly females and illiterates. Cognitive deficit commonly took the form of memory and judgment impairment while financial mismanagement was the most frequent impaired activity of daily living. More than half of the cases had mild disease on severity rating and were comprised mainly of Alzheimer's disease subjects. These results confirm the higher frequency of Alzheimer's disease over the other types as reported in other communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)392-396
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1997



  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Dementia
  • Impairment
  • Severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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