Patients with extensive regional wall motion abnormalities are predisposed to development of ventricular tachyarrhythmia. The prognostic effect of this in patients with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) and coronary artery disease (CAD) is not known. Echocardiographic left ventricular systolic indexes, wall motion score index (WMSI), and extent of regional akinesia in 140 patients (65 ± 10 years old; 92% men) with an ICD and CAD were studied. Arrhythmic events requiring ICD therapy and causing death (n = 41, 29%) were recorded over a mean follow-up of 1.4 ± 0.8 years. Left ventricular basal fractional shortening, ejection fraction, global WMSI, and extent of akinesia, especially in the inferoposterior regions of a right coronary artery territory, were univariate predictors (all p values <0.05). Global WMSI (hazard ratio 2.18, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 4.65, p = 0.04) and fractional shortening (hazard ratio 0.93, 95% confidence interval 0.88 to 1.00, p = 0.04) were multivariate predictors. Global WMSI (p = 0.04) and ≥2 right coronary region akinetic segments (p = 0.05) provided incremental risk prediction to left ventricular ejection fraction in a global risk-assessment model (chi-square p = 0.001). Presence of right coronary region akinesia better identified those at increased risk of events (p = 0.02) compared with the presence of left anterior descending region akinesia (p = 0.2), independent of systolic function. In conclusion, global WMSI and left ventricular basal fractional shortening were important additional risk predictors of ICD events in CAD. Global WMSI and right coronary region inferoposterior akinesia provided independent and incremental risk assessment to left ventricular ejection fraction and improved identification of those at increased risk of ICD-related events in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine