Prognostic value of negative transesophageal dobutamine stress echocardiography in men at high risk for coronary artery disease

Masoor Kamalesh, Stephen Sawada, Aaron Humphreys, Mouaz Tawam, Rene Blessent, Lewis Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently published reviews have called into question the sensitvity of transthoracic stress echocardiography to predict cardiac events, especially when the test is negative, compared with myocardial perfusion imaging studies. To our knowledge there are a lack of data assessing the prognostic value of transesophageal echocardiography-dobutamine stress echocardiography (TEE-DSE) in predicting cardiac events. Because TEE-DSE has been reported to be highly accurate for detecting ischemia in patients with suspected coronary artery disease, we tested the hypothesis that a negative TEE-DSE can identify a low-risk group in a population with a high likelihood of coronary artery disease. Between October 1996 and December 1997, 46 high-risk patients with negative TEE-DSE were identified. Annualized pretest risk for all cardiac events using the Framingham model was 4% based on risk factors. Mean age was 64 years. Mean follow-up time was 16.2 months. There were no cardiac deaths. There were 6 soft and 1 hard cardiac event. The annualized combined ischemic cardiac event rate was 3.8%, and for hard cardiac events it was 1.1%. By Kaplan-Meier analysis, 97% of the population remained free of any ischemic event at the end of 1 year and 93% were free at 22 months. We conclude that optimal image quality and enhanced endocardial definition for assessing wall motion changes with TEE translates into better prognostication and approaches that of myocardial perfusion imaging for negative studies. Advances in ultrasound medicine such as contrast enhancement of myocardial definition, which improve diagnostic accuracy of DSE, should translate into better prognostication. Copyright (C) 2000 Excerpta Medica Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-44
Number of pages4
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Stress Echocardiography
Transesophageal Echocardiography
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Perfusion Imaging
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Population
Echocardiography
Ischemia
Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Prognostic value of negative transesophageal dobutamine stress echocardiography in men at high risk for coronary artery disease. / Kamalesh, Masoor; Sawada, Stephen; Humphreys, Aaron; Tawam, Mouaz; Blessent, Rene; Winter, Lewis.

In: The American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 85, No. 1, 01.01.2000, p. 41-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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