Graves' disease is characterized by hypersecretion of thyroid hormones due to binding of autoantibodies to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR). In order to study immunological aspects of the TSHR we expressed the extracellular domain of the rat TSHR (ETSHR) as a fusion protein with β-galactosidase in a prokaryotic system. The identity of this ETSHR-fusion protein was confirmed by Western blot, using antibodies to synthetic peptides derived from TSHR. Patients' sera reacted to a significantly greater extent with the affinity purified ETSHR relative to control sera. Similarly, sera from patients with Graves' disease displayed significant reactivity with only one of five peptides, RH2 (residues 352-366), when compared with normal sera. These data, together with the predicted hydrophilicity of the peptide RH2, suggest that amino acids 352-366 which lie within one of the unique regions of the extracellular domain of the TSHR may be important for antibody binding.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Aug 30 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology