Propranolol, 14C-morphine accumulation and avoidance: Peripheral and central variables

W. C. Black, W. J. McBride, H. J. Grosz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations


Pretreatment with propranolol HCl resulted in a substantial reduction in the amount of 14C-morphine found in blood plasma, neostriatum plus adjacent tissue, pons-medulla, midbrain, cerebral cortex and cerebellum 25 min after IP injection of the labelled morphine. Previous observations, demonstrating attenuation of behavioral effects of morphine following pretreatment with propranolol, might have been due to a decrease in peripheral and/or central levels of morphine. However, when morphine HCl (10-20 μM) was administered via intraventricular cannulae following pretreatment with propranolol given intraperitoneally in rats performing free operant (Sidman) avoidance, the anti-avoidance effects of the opiate were also attenuated. Hence, previous results cannot be attributed solely to reduced concentration of morphine at CNS site(s) of action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-704
Number of pages4
JournalPharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1975


  • Avoidance
  • Drug interactions
  • Morphine
  • Propranolol
  • Ventricular administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology

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