Induction of ventricular tachycardia (VT) at electrophysiologic study in patients taking amiodarone poorly predicts recurrence of VT. Consequently, a discriminant function was developed (Using parameters based on retrospective data) that appeared to identify high-risk patients. These parameters included ventricular effective refractory period, corrected QT interval, initiation of a repetitive ventricular response and the mode of VT induction. In the present study these parameters were prospectively evaluated in 60 patients with coronary artery disease and sustained VT or ventricular fibrillation (VF), in whom VT was still induced at electrophysiologic study during amiodarone therapy. Thirteen patients had recurrent events (sudden death in 8 and sustained VT in 5) and 47 patients had no symptomatic arrhythmia recurrence (followup for 16 ± 2 months, mean ± standard error of the mean). The ventricular effective refractory period, corrected QT interval and presence of a repetitive ventricular response did not discriminate between patients with and without symptomatic arrhythmia recurrence. However, an easier mode of VT induction during amiodarone therapy versus control was highly predictive of arrhythmia recurrence: 9 of 13 (69%) recurrences were in this group. In contrast, only 4 of 44 (9%) patients who had either the same or harder mode of VT induction had a recurrent event. Overall, 9 of 16 (56%) patients with an easier mode of VT induction had a recurrence, including 6 of the 8 patients with subsequent sudden cardiac death. It is concluded that electrophysiologic testing during amiodarone therapy is useful to identify high-risk patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine